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As regards trademarks, this extension has been facilitated by international efforts to harmonise the definition of `trade mark`, as shown by the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, ratified in 1994, which formalised rules on IP rights regulated in the Member States by customary law, if at all. According to the TRIPs, any sign that can „distinguish“ the goods or services of one company from the goods or services of another company can constitute a trademark.  The misappropriation of trade secrets is different from violations of other intellectual property laws, since trade secrets are by definition secret, while patents and registered copyrights and trademarks are publicly available. .